Abstract Edit

"Everything is a Remix" by Kirby Ferguson is a four-part video series in which he claims that the ultimate driver of progress in the arts, technology, and society is borrowing from others. Ferguson believes that everything is a remediation of existing material, e.g. music, film, etc. Ferguson's concepts of "copy, transform, and combine" help to convey his message that it is nearly impossible to create something without drawing inspiration from something else; in some cases, people will directly sample existing material in the process of creating their own.

Key Concepts Edit

"Creativity isn't magic; it happens by applying ordinary tools of thought to existing creations." In this part of the series, "The Elements of Creativity", Ferguson talks about copying. Put simply, he says, copying is how we learn. We cannot introduce anything new until we are fluent in the language of our domain. Copying helps us build a foundation of knowledge and understanding.

Examples Edit

Bob Dylan's first album contained 11 cover songs

Hunter S. Thompson typed out the Great Gatsby just to get the feel of writing a great novel

Resources and Further Reading Edit

"Remix: The Art and Craft of Endless Hybridization" by Michele Knobel and Colin Lankshear: This article gives examples of remix culture and shows how remix practices are used for literacy and literacy education.

"Dr. Mashup or, Why Educators Should Learn to Stop Worrying and Love the Remix" by Brian Lamb: This article talks about why teachers and educators should stop worrying about students remixing and creating "content mashups." It also gives educators guidelines on how to assess student creativity and their remixes.

"Remix Theory: The Aesthetics of Sampling" by Eduardo Navas: This article analyzes the remix in art, music, and new media. The author argues that remix has a great impact on culture "in ways that go beyond the basic recombination of material."

RIP: A Remix Manifesto ( This is a documentary by Remix activist Brett Gaylor and musician Greg Gillis (Girl Talk) that give the audience a tour of remix culture.

Keywords Edit


Citations Edit

Everything is a Remix Part 3